castor oil as a potential renewable resource
Castor oil as a potential renewable resource

The world castor seed production has increased from 1.055 million tons in 2003 to 1.440 million tons in 2013 with India being the leading producer and accounts for over 75 % of the total production followed by China and Brazil each accounting for 12.5 and 5.5 % respectively (Fig. 2) [].This increase of about 36 % production in a decade is linked to castor oil’s easy availability, low cost

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catalysts | special issue : biomass derived heterogeneous
Catalysts | Special Issue : Biomass Derived Heterogeneous

The transesterification of rapeseed and castor oil methyl esters with different alcohols (2-ethyl-1-hexanol, 1-heptanol and 4-methyl-2-pentanol) and titanium isopropoxide as a catalyst, to produce biolubricants, was carried out.

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castor-oil-plant, castor bean
CASTOR-OIL-PLANT, CASTOR BEAN

The castor bean cake is a residue from the biodiesel production, which has a great potential as organic fertilizer, but it also presents sodium contents in its constitution, as a result of the use of NaOH, as a catalyst for the transesterification reaction, to produce biodiesel.

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<h5>production of castor oil maleate using di-tert
PRODUCTION OF CASTOR OIL MALEATE USING DI-TERT

Castor oil consists of 90-94% of 12-hydroxy-9-octadecenoic esters (esters from ricinoleic acid). This particular ester has three functional groups (carboxyl group, hydroxyl group and a C-C double bond) that can react producing several castor oil adducts (Mutlu and Meier, 2010; Ogunniyi, 2006).

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castor wax market research report – global forecast
Castor Wax Market Research Report – Global Forecast

Castor wax (CAS No.: 8001-78-3) is a vegetable wax produced through the hydrogenation of pure castor oil in the presence of a metal catalyst. Caster wax is also known as hydrogenated castor oil. It is a white colored, odorless, hard and brittle substance.

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production of biolubricant from castor oil
Production of Biolubricant From Castor Oil

In this research, bio-lubricant was produced from castor oil in two stage processes where methyl ester of the oil was produced by esterification and then transesterified using homogenous catalyst...

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transesterification of castor oil for biodiesel production
Transesterification of castor oil for biodiesel production

The initial transesterification experiments were carried out with 100 ml of castor oil with 1:12 oil: methanol molar ratio and 2% KOH catalyst at 60 °C for 150 min. Fig. 2a represented the FAME yield obtained at the different reaction time and it revealed that increase in FAME yield is directly proportional to the reaction time (30–150 min).

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surfachem | castor oil virgin organic
Surfachem | CASTOR OIL VIRGIN ORGANIC

CASTOR OIL VIRGIN ORGANIC . Explore Our Range Application Areas Product Functions Manufacturers Features. Eco-friendly production ECOLABEL GMO Halal AP / Deo Biocides & Disinfection Botanical Catalyst Chelating Agents and Sequestrant Colours,

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castor oil biodiesel production and optimization
Castor oil biodiesel production and optimization

Castor oil contains 80–90% of hydroxyl fatty acid, ricinoleic acid and about10% non-hydroxylated fatty acids, mainly oleic and linoleic acids.Such especial composition causes a disadvantage for its use for biodiesel production, since its viscosity is about 7 times higher than the one of other vegetable oils .To avoid this disadvantage, castor oil biodiesel when blends with petrodiesel it has

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synthesis and catalysis of mixed oxides on mesoporous
Synthesis and Catalysis of Mixed Oxides on Mesoporous

biodiesel production from feedstock with high free fatty acid content [33-35]. This study deals with the production of biodiesel from Ricinus oil (Castor oil) with single or mixed oxide catalysts supported on mayenite, which has the advantages as a second generation feedstock. A set

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pure polyurethane and castor oil based
PURE POLYURETHANE AND CASTOR OIL BASED

Pure polyurethane and castor oil based polyurethane: synthesis and characterization 1510 Figure 3. Comparative FTIR spectra for PU (pure PPG & PPG and castor oil) the larger organic chains present in castor-oil-based PU. Peaks at 1727 cm-1 represent (C=O) non-bonded urethanes [13], which are likely to be present in larger numbers, in

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surfachem | castor oil virgin organic
Surfachem | CASTOR OIL VIRGIN ORGANIC

CASTOR OIL VIRGIN ORGANIC . Explore Our Range Application Areas Product Functions Manufacturers Features. Eco-friendly production ECOLABEL GMO Halal AP / Deo Biocides & Disinfection Botanical Catalyst Chelating Agents and Sequestrant Colours,

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<h5>‘castor oil and its derivatives’ with market growth
‘Castor Oil and its Derivatives’ with Market Growth

Process description for dehydrated castor oil (DCO) The reaction vessel is fed with castor oil stock grade through de-aerator vessel. The oil gets dried in this vessel and completely freed from air, a higher temperature and vacuum is maintained in the reaction vessel which, continuously re-circulate the oil in the presence of a catalyst.

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urethane raw materials archives - everchem specialty chemicals
Urethane Raw Materials Archives - Everchem Specialty Chemicals

Everchem Specialty Chemicals Rose Tree Corporate Center 1400 N Providence Rd Suite 302 Media, PA 19063. Phone 484-234-5030

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<h5>investigation of the chemical composition, particularly
Investigation of the chemical composition, particularly

Two types of catalysts, acidic catalyst (H 2SO 4) and basic catalyst (NaOH) were used at diffe rent reaction temperatures to study which catalyst is better for optimum biodiesel production from castor oil.

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production of biodiesel from castor oil using egg
PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL FROM CASTOR OIL USING EGG

production of castor oil was faster with methanol compared with ethanol (Meneghetti, 2006). The conventional production of biodiesel proceeds in transesterification of oils or fats using homogeneous catalysts but it will cause production of wastewater from washing process of catalyst residues and unreusability of the catalysts (Macleod et. al.,

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processing of non-edible vegetable oils in biofuel
Processing of Non-Edible Vegetable Oils in Biofuel

wastewater, is being considered for biodiesel production. Castor oil is planted in Upper Egypt and is widely distributed in the southern and southwestern regions with a total area of about 2,000,000 ha, and the annual seeds production is above 250,700 tons [21]. The yield of the castor oil

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biodiesel production from vegetable oil mixtures
Biodiesel Production from Vegetable Oil Mixtures

Prospects, feedstocks and challenges of biodiesel production from beauty leaf oil and castor oil: A nonedible oil sources in Australia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2016, 61, 302-318. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.04.013.

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production and characterization of biodiesel from
Production and Characterization of Biodiesel from

bran oil, mahua oil, and castor oil (ricinus communis) might be studied and explored as a feedstock for biodiesel production [8-10]. In this study, castor oil from non-edible oil resources is selected as a feedstock for biodiesel production due to its higher oil content. Castor belongs to

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biodiesel from castor oil: a comparison of ethanolysis
Biodiesel from Castor Oil: A Comparison of Ethanolysis

The transesterification reactions of castor oil with ethanol and methanol as transesterification agents were studied in the presence of several classical catalytic systems. The effects of the nature of the alcohol and catalyst on the yields of monoalkyl fatty acid esters were evaluated. The results indicate that biodiesel can be obtained by transesterification of castor oil using either

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production of vegetable oils in the world and in egypt: an
Production of vegetable oils in the world and in Egypt: an

This article throws a light on the recent situation of oilseed as well as vegetable oil production in the world referring to those in Egypt. Over the last 30 years, the oil crop production in the world increased 240%, while the increase in area and in yield was 82 and 48%, respectively. The main oilseed produced in the world is the soybean whereby it represents more than 50% of total oil crop

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<h5>production of castor oil maleate using di-tert
PRODUCTION OF CASTOR OIL MALEATE USING DI-TERT

Production of castor oil maleate using di-tert-butyl peroxide as free radical catalyst 701 Synthesis of castor oil maleate Castor oil (0.16 mol - 150 g) and maleic anhydride (0.16 mol - 15 g) were fed into a 400 mL stainless steel batch reactor. The molar ratio of 1:1 was used because the reaction occurs under stoichiometric ratio

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open access journals
Open Access Journals

96. Mookan RSM, Senthilkumar HV, Ravichandran B, et al. (2014) Transesterification of castor oil using nano-sized iron catalyst for the production of biodiesel. J Chem Pharm Sci 2: 108–112. 97. Mookan RKA, Sundaresan M, Velan P (2014) Biodiesel production from pongamia pinnata oil using synthesized iron nanocatalyst. Int J ChemTech Res 6

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<h5>pure polyurethane and castor oil based
PURE POLYURETHANE AND CASTOR OIL BASED

Pure polyurethane and castor oil based polyurethane: synthesis and characterization 1510 Figure 3. Comparative FTIR spectra for PU (pure PPG & PPG and castor oil) the larger organic chains present in castor-oil-based PU. Peaks at 1727 cm-1 represent (C=O) non-bonded urethanes [13], which are likely to be present in larger numbers, in

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effects of sodium bisulphate catalyst on the
EFFECTS OF SODIUM BISULPHATE CATALYST ON THE

1.1. Modification of Castor Oil Although castor oil has always been regarded as a non-drying oil due to its low iodine value, as early as 1928, patents were already made regarding the production of drying oil directly from castor oil. J. Scheiber went further to develop a method for producing a drying oil from castor oil by dehydrating its fat

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production of biodiesel using nano catalysts, review study
Production of biodiesel using Nano Catalysts, Review study

catalyst Transestrification of castor oil using Nano – sized Iron Catalyst for the production of Bio Diesel. The use of iron nano particles as catalyst showed more advantageous than the conventional acid/base catalyst for the production of biodiesel. Hence, the produced biodiesel can be

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school of chemistry & biochemistry - thapar institute of
School of Chemistry & Biochemistry - Thapar Institute of

Mandeep Kaur and Amjad Ali, “Lithium ion impregnated calcium oxide as nano catalyst for the biodiesel production from karanja and jatropha oil”, Renew. Energy, 2011, 36, 2866-2871. (IF 2.98) Vishal, Satnam Singh and Amjad Ali, “Biodiesel from mutton fat using KOH impregnated MgO as heterogeneous catalysts”, Renew.

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<h5>production and characterization of biodiesel from
Production and Characterization of Biodiesel from

bran oil, mahua oil, and castor oil (ricinus communis) might be studied and explored as a feedstock for biodiesel production [8-10]. In this study, castor oil from non-edible oil resources is selected as a feedstock for biodiesel production due to its higher oil content. Castor belongs to

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oils, fats & oleochemicals - catalysts from evonik
OILS, FATS & OLEOCHEMICALS - Catalysts from Evonik

first glance. Evonik specializes in scaling up and producing sophisticated catalysts on a commercial scale. A robust and stable production process is crucial to all catalysts, and we know how to design and operate this. The best catalyst in the laboratory is of no use if

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kinetics of castor oil alkyd resin polycondensation reaction
Kinetics of Castor Oil Alkyd Resin Polycondensation Reaction

structure, and lack of after-yellowing. The dehydrated castor oil is non-yellowing oil and so can meet requirements of coating industries [7-11]. Many significant efforts have been made to increase alkyd resin . production. Many researchers have attempted to search the different sources for alkyd resin preparation. Aigbodion et al. [12] studied

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chapter 2 introduction to biodiesel production
Chapter 2 Introduction to Biodiesel Production

Oil palm [11] is a tropical plant that reaches a height of 20–25 m with a life cycle of about 25 years. Full production is reached 8 years after planting. Two kinds of oil are obtained from the fruit: palm oil proper, from the pulp, and palm kernel oil, from the nut of the fruit (after oil extraction, palm kernel cake is used as livestock food).

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synthesis and characterization of biodiesel from castor
Synthesis and Characterization of Biodiesel from Castor

The experimental design as well as statistical analysis were done and analyzed using design expert 8.0.7.1 version soft ware. The predicted optimum conditions for castor oil biodiesel production were a reaction temperature of 59.890c, methanol to oil ratio of 8.10:1 and a catalyst of 1.22 wt% of oil.

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